Single-session magnetic resonance coronary angiography and myocardial perfusion imaging using the new blood pool compound B-22956 (gadocoletic acid): Initial experience in a porcine model of coronary artery disease

Jie Zheng, Debiao Li, Fabio Maggioni, Dana Abendschein, Orlando Simonetti, Gerhard Laub, J. Paul Finn, Robert J. Gropler, Friedrich M. Cavagna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate a new blood pool contrast agent, B-22956, for detecting myocardial perfusion abnormality and coronary artery stenosis by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in 1 setting. Materials and Methods: Coronary artery atherosclerotic stenoses were created in 6 miniswine. Myocardial first-pass perfusion imaging was performed with a bolus injection of 0.015 mmol/kg B-22956 during pharmacologic stress followed by postcontrast coronary artery imaging after another injection of B-22956/1. The total doses for the 6 pigs were 0.1 mmol/kg (n = 3) and 0.15 mmol/kg (n = 3). Perfusion upslope maps were analyzed and MR coronary artery images were reviewed by 2 readers. Results: For all 6 pigs, the normalized upslopes of the perfusion curves were 0.83 ± 0.12, 0.74 ± 0.15, and 0.52 ± 0.05 (P < 0.01 vs. normal) with normal or mild (<50% area stenosis), moderate (<50% and <75%), and severe stenosis (>75%), respectively. Mean signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) in right coronary artery images improved 90% and 200%, respectively, with a total dose of 0.1 mmol/kg of B-22956. Excellent agreements (kappa = 0.82) were achieved for evaluating the grade of stenosis between MR postcontrast coronary artery images and histopathology by 2 reviewers. Conclusion: The MR blood pool contrast agent B-22956 demonstrated the ability for detecting myocardial perfusion abnormalities and coronary artery stenosis in 1 setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)604-613
Number of pages10
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Volume40
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2005

Keywords

  • Animal study
  • Blood pool contrast agent
  • Cardiac MRI
  • Coronary artery angiography
  • Myocardial perfusion

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