A case report of the first single lung transplantation and closure of a patent ductus arteriosus for Eisenmenger's syndrome is presented. The operation was performed on Sept. 28, 1988. The patient was extubated on postoperative day 8, discharged from the intensive care unit on postoperative day 13, and discharged from the hospital on postoperative day 43, free of symptoms and without supplementary oxygen. Subsequent symptoms of dyspnea, presyncope, and fatigue recurred in association with subvalvular right ventricular outflow tract obstruction. Symptomatic improvement occurred gradually in association with reduction of the outflow tract obstruction. The patient is in New York Heart Association class I-II 12 months after the operation. The rationale, methods, and management of this patient are discussed, as well as the potential for application of this operation in similar settings.