Single-Institution Phase 1/2 Prospective Clinical Trial of Single-Fraction, High-Gradient Adjuvant Partial-Breast Irradiation for Hormone Sensitive Stage 0-I Breast Cancer

William R. Kennedy, Maria A. Thomas, Jennifer A. Stanley, Jingqin Luo, Laura L. Ochoa, Katherine K. Clifton, Amy E. Cyr, Julie A. Margenthaler, Todd A. DeWees, Alex Price, Rojano Kashani, Olga Green, Imran Zoberi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: We sought to evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of a novel accelerated partial breast irradiation regimen delivered in a single fraction postoperatively. Methods and Materials: We enrolled 50 patients with low-risk, hormone-sensitive breast cancer from 2015 to 2018 on a prospective phase 1/2 trial to receive single-fraction, high-gradient partial-breast irradiation (SFHGPBI) 2 to 8 weeks after lumpectomy for node-negative, invasive, or in situ breast cancer. The high gradient was achieved by prescribing 20 Gy to the surgical bed and 5 Gy to the breast tissue within 1 cm of the surgical bed simultaneously in 1 fraction using external beam. Results: The median age was 65 (range, 52-84). Ten patients (20%) had small-volume ductal carcinoma in situ while the remainder had stage I disease. At a median follow-up of 25 months, we evaluated toxicity, patient- and physician-reported cosmesis, patient-reported quality of life (QOL), and initial tumor control. There was no Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0 grade 3+ toxicity. Only 34% of patients experienced grade 1 erythema. Good-to-excellent pretreatment cosmesis was present in 100% and 98% per physicians and patients, respectively, and did not change post-SFHGPBI. Quantitative cosmesis by percentage of breast retraction assessment significantly improved over time during the post-SFHGPBI period per mixed repeated measures modeling (P =.0026). QOL per European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QOL Questionnaires C30 and BR-23 did not decline other than temporarily in the systemic therapy effects and hair loss domains, both of which returned to pretreatment values. There was 1 noninvasive in-breast recurrence in a separate untreated quadrant 18 months post-SFHGPBI and 1 isolated axillary recurrence 30 months post-SFHGPBI, both salvaged successfully. There were no distant recurrences or cancer-related deaths observed. Conclusions: Accelerated partial-breast irradiation delivered in a single fraction postoperatively using external beam techniques is a novel, feasible, well-tolerated regimen. SFHGPBI does not adversely affect cosmesis or QOL as reported by both physicians and patients. Initial tumor control rates are excellent, with longer follow-up required to confirm efficacy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2020

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