Purpose: We sought to evaluate the feasibility and tolerability of a novel accelerated partial breast irradiation regimen delivered in a single fraction postoperatively. Methods and Materials: We enrolled 50 patients with low-risk, hormone-sensitive breast cancer from 2015 to 2018 on a prospective phase 1/2 trial to receive single-fraction, high-gradient partial-breast irradiation (SFHGPBI) 2 to 8 weeks after lumpectomy for node-negative, invasive, or in situ breast cancer. The high gradient was achieved by prescribing 20 Gy to the surgical bed and 5 Gy to the breast tissue within 1 cm of the surgical bed simultaneously in 1 fraction using external beam. Results: The median age was 65 (range, 52-84). Ten patients (20%) had small-volume ductal carcinoma in situ while the remainder had stage I disease. At a median follow-up of 25 months, we evaluated toxicity, patient- and physician-reported cosmesis, patient-reported quality of life (QOL), and initial tumor control. There was no Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events v4.0 grade 3+ toxicity. Only 34% of patients experienced grade 1 erythema. Good-to-excellent pretreatment cosmesis was present in 100% and 98% per physicians and patients, respectively, and did not change post-SFHGPBI. Quantitative cosmesis by percentage of breast retraction assessment significantly improved over time during the post-SFHGPBI period per mixed repeated measures modeling (P =.0026). QOL per European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer QOL Questionnaires C30 and BR-23 did not decline other than temporarily in the systemic therapy effects and hair loss domains, both of which returned to pretreatment values. There was 1 noninvasive in-breast recurrence in a separate untreated quadrant 18 months post-SFHGPBI and 1 isolated axillary recurrence 30 months post-SFHGPBI, both salvaged successfully. There were no distant recurrences or cancer-related deaths observed. Conclusions: Accelerated partial-breast irradiation delivered in a single fraction postoperatively using external beam techniques is a novel, feasible, well-tolerated regimen. SFHGPBI does not adversely affect cosmesis or QOL as reported by both physicians and patients. Initial tumor control rates are excellent, with longer follow-up required to confirm efficacy.
|Journal||International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics|
|State||Accepted/In press - Jan 1 2020|