Purpose: Multiparametric MRI (mpMRI) has become an indispensable radiographic tool in diagnosing prostate cancer. However, mpMRI fails to visualize approximately 15% of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa). The molecular, cellular, and spatial underpinnings of such radiographic heterogeneity in csPCa are unclear. Experimental Design: We examined tumor tissues from clinically matched patients with mpMRI-invisible and mpMRI-visible csPCa who underwent radical prostatectomy. Multiplex immunofluorescence single-cell spatial imaging and gene expression profiling were performed. Artificial intelligence-based analytic algorithms were developed to examine the tumor ecosystem and integrate with corresponding transcriptomics. Results: More complex and compact epithelial tumor architectures were found in mpMRI-visible than in mpMRI-invisible prostate cancer tumors. In contrast, similar stromal patterns were detected between mpMRI-invisible prostate cancer and normal prostate tissues. Furthermore, quantification of immune cell composition and tumor-immune interactions demonstrated a lack of immune cell infiltration in the malignant but not in the adjacent nonmalignant tissue compartments, irrespective of mpMRI visibility. No significant difference in immune profiles was detected between mpMRI-visible and mpMRI-invisible prostate cancer within our patient cohort, whereas expression profiling identified a 24-gene stromal signature enriched in mpMRI-invisible prostate cancer. Prostate cancer with strong stromal signature exhibited a favorable survival outcome within The Cancer Genome Atlas prostate cancer cohort. Notably, five recurrences in the 8 mpMRI-visible patients with csPCa and no recurrence in the 8 clinically matched patients with mpMRI-invisible csPCa occurred during the 5-year follow-up post-prostatectomy. Conclusions: Our study identified distinct molecular, cellular, and structural characteristics associated with mpMRI-visible csPCa, whereas mpMRI-invisible tumors were similar to normal prostate tissue, likely contributing to mpMRI invisibility.