A woman presented two weeks after uncomplicated cataract surgery with decreased visual acuity from endophthalmitis. One week after initial management with intravitreal antibiotics, her visual acuity decreased further, undergoing pars plana vitrectomy with intravitreal and intravenous antimicrobial coverage with preliminary improvement. Three days after vitrectomy, her vision decreased with recurrent inflammation. Initial cultures grew Clostridium intestinale. She underwent repeat vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade with no subsequent recurrence. The silicone oil was removed after 4 months and her visual acuity returned to 20/20 after 1 month and through 1 year of follow-up. Postoperative endophthalmitis is rare, with cases due to Clostridium species particularly destructive. In this first reported case of C. intestinale endophthalmitis, conventional management did not achieve lasting quiescence until silicone oil tamponade was employed. Pars plana vitrectomy with silicone oil tamponade should be considered in the management of recurrent endophthalmitis or endophthalmitis secondary to a recalcitrant microbe.
- Infectious diseases