Signals transduced by Ca2+/calcineurin and NFATc3/c4 pattern the developing vasculature

Isabella A. Graef, Feng Chen, Lei Chen, Ann Kuo, Gerald R. Crabtree

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

351 Scopus citations

Abstract

Vascular development requires an orderly exchange of signals between growing vessels and their supporting tissues, but little is known of the intracellular signaling pathways underlying this communication. We find that mice with disruptions of both NFATc4 and the related NFATc3 genes die around E11 with generalized defects in vessel assembly as well as excessive and disorganized growth of vessels into the neural tube and somites. Since calcineurin is thought to control nuclear localization of NFATc proteins, we introduced a mutation into the calcineurin B gene that prevents phosphatase activation by Ca2+ signals. These CnB mutant mice exhibit vascular developmental abnormalities similar to the NFATc3/c4 null mice. We show that calcineurin function is transiently required between E7.5 and E8.5. Hence, early calcineurin/NFAT signaling initiates the later cross-talk between vessels and surrounding tissues that pattern the vasculature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)863-875
Number of pages13
JournalCell
Volume105
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 29 2001

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