Short-term Outcomes of Total Knee Arthroplasty Performed at an Orthopedic Specialty Hospital

Eric M. Padegimas, Tyler M. Kreitz, Benjamin Zmistowski, Seth L. Teplitsky, Surena Namdari, James J. Purtill, William J. Hozack, Antonia F. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study compared perioperative outcomes for total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at an orthopedic specialty hospital and a tertiary referral center. The authors identified all primary TKA procedures performed in 2014 at the 2 facilities. Each patient at the orthopedic specialty hospital was manually matched to a patient at the tertiary referral center according to demographic and clinical variables. Matching was blinded to outcomes. Outcomes were 90-day readmission, mortality rate, reoperation, length of stay, and use of inpatient rehabilitation. Each group had 215 TKA patients. The 2 groups of patients were similar in age (66.8 years, P=.98), body mass index (30.4 kg/m2, P=.99), age-adjusted Charlson Comorbidity Index (3.4, P=1.00), and sex (46.0% male, P=1.00). Mean length of stay was 1.47±0.62 days at the orthopedic specialty hospital vs 1.87±0.75 days (P<.01) at the tertiary referral center. There were 3 readmissions at the orthopedic specialty hospital and 6 readmissions at the tertiary referral center (P=.31). There were 6 reoperations at the orthopedic specialty hospital and 5 at the tertiary referral center (P=.76). In addition, 8 patients at the orthopedic specialty hospital used inpatient rehabilitation vs 15 patients at the tertiary referral center (P=.08). One patient who was treated at the orthopedic specialty hospital required transfer to a tertiary referral center. This study found that perioperative outcomes were similar for matched patients who underwent primary TKA at an orthopedic specialty hospital and a tertiary referral center. Patients treated at the orthopedic specialty hospital spent 0.4 fewer days in the hospital compared with matched patients who were treated at the tertiary referral center. This equals 2 fewer hospital nights for every 5 TKA patients. [Orthopedics. 2018; 41(1):e84-e91.].

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e84-e91
JournalOrthopedics
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2018

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