Short-term one-lung ventilation does not influence local inflammatory cytokine response after lung resection

Silvia Fiorelli, Veronica Defraia, Fabiola Cipolla, Cecilia Menna, Mohsen Ibrahim, Claudio Andreetti, Maurizio Simmaco, Monica Rocco, Erino Angelo Rendina, Marina Borro, Domenico Massullo

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4 Scopus citations


Background: One-lung ventilation (OLV) is a ventilation procedure used for pulmonary resection which may results in lung injury. The aim of this study was to evaluate the local inflammatory cytokine response from the dependent lung after OLV and its correlation to VT. The secondary aim was to evaluate the clinical outcome of each patient. Methods: Twenty-eight consecutive patients were enrolled. Ventilation was delivered in volume-controlled mode with a VT based on predicted body weight (PBW). 5 cmH2O positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) and FiO2 0.5 were applied. Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) was performed in the dependent lung before and after OLV. The levels of pro-inflammatory interleukins (IL-1α, IL-1β, IL-6, IL-8), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), endothelial growth factor (EGF), monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and anti-inflammatory cytokines, such as interleukins (IL-2, IL-4, IL-10) and interferon (IFN-γ), were evaluated. Subgroup analysis: to analyze the VT setting during OLV, all patients were ventilated within a range of 5-10 mL/kg. Thirteen patients, classified as a conventional ventilation (CV) subgroup, received 8-10 mL/kg, while 15 patients, classified as a protective ventilation (PV) subgroup, received 5-7 mL/kg. Results: Cytokine BAL levels after surgery showed no significant increase after OLV, and no significant differences were recorded between the two subgroups. The mean duration of OLV was 64.44±21.68 minutes. No postoperative respiratory complications were recorded. The mean length of stay was for 4.00±1.41 days in the PV subgroup and 4.45±2.07 days in the CV group; no statistically significant differences were recorded between the two subgroups (P=0.511). Conclusions: Localized inflammatory cytokine response after OLV was not influenced by the use of different VT. Potentially, the application of PEEP in both ventilation strategies and the short duration of OLV could prevent postoperative complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1864-1874
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2018


  • Cytokines
  • Inflammation
  • One-lung ventilation (OLV)
  • Thoracic surgery


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