Sexually transmitted disease acquisition among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1

Susan J. Bersoff-Matcha, Mary M. Horgan, Victoria J. Fraser, Linda M. Mundy, Bradley P. Stoner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent evidence suggests that sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) enhance the transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)type 1. In 143 HIV-infected women enrolled in a university-based longitudinal HIV clinic over 16 months (mean), the STD point prevalence was examined at enrollment and the cumulative prevalence was calculated at follow-up. At enrollment, 35 women (25%) had ≤1 STD. These included trichomoniasis in 16 women (11%); syphilis, 9 (6%); genital herpes, 8 (6%); gonorrhea, 5 (4%); chlamydia, 5 (4%); genital warts, 2 (1%); and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), 1 (1%). STDs were found in 55 (42%) of the 125 patients who returned for at least one follow-up visit: trichomoniasis in 23 (18%); genital herpes, 20 (12%); gonorrhea, 9 (7%); syphilis, 7 (6%); genital warts, 7 (6%); chlamydia, 5 (4%); and PID, 4 (3%). Despite counseling at both enrollment and follow-up, these women had a very high cumulative prevalence of STDs, indicating persistent high-risk sexual behavior.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1174-1177
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume178
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1998

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Sexually transmitted disease acquisition among women infected with human immunodeficiency virus type 1'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this