Sequential Interventions for Major Depression and Heart Failure Self-Care: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Kenneth E. Freedland, Judith A. Skala, Robert M. Carney, Brian C. Steinmeyer, Eugene H. Rubin, Michael W. Rich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Major depression and inadequate self-care are common in patients with heart failure (HF). Little is known about how to intervene when both problems are present. This study examined the efficacy of a sequential approach to treating these problems. Methods: Stepped Care for Depression in HF was a single-site, single-blind, randomized controlled trial of cognitive behavior therapy (CBT) versus usual care (UC) for major depression in patients with HF. The intensive phase of the CBT intervention lasted between 8 and 16 weeks, depending upon the rate of improvement in depression. All participants received a tailored HF self-care intervention that began 8 weeks after randomization. The intensive phase of the self-care intervention ended at 16 weeks post-randomization. The coprimary outcome measures were the Beck Depression Inventory (version 2) and the Maintenance scale of the Self-Care of HF Index (v6.2) at week 16. Results: One hundred thirty-nine patients with HF and major depression were enrolled; 70 were randomized to UC and 69 to CBT. At week 16, the patients in the CBT arm scored 4.0 points ([95% CI, -7.3 to -0.8]; P=0.02) lower on the Beck Depression Inventory, version 2 than those in the usual care arm. Mean scores on the Self-Care of HF Index Maintenance scale were not significantly different between the groups ([95% CI, -6.5 to 1.5]; P=0.22). Conclusions: CBT is more effective than usual care for major depression in patients with HF. However, initiating CBT before starting a tailored HF self-care intervention does not increase the benefit of the self-care intervention. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02997865.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)745-754
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation: Heart Failure
Volume15
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022

Keywords

  • cognitive behavioral therapy
  • depression
  • depressive disorder
  • heart failure
  • self-care
  • self-management

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