Sequences within the C terminus of the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) are responsible for inner nuclear membrane localization

Ismail Sergin, Yuh Jiin I. Jong, Steven K. Harmon, Vikas Kumar, Karen L. O'Malley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Traditionally, G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) are thought to be located on the cell surface where they transmit extracellular signals to the cytoplasm. However, recent studies indicate that some GPCRs are also localized to various subcellular compartments such as the nucleus where they appear required for various biological functions. For example, the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5) is concentrated at the inner nuclear membrane (INM) where it mediates Ca2+ changes in the nucleoplasm by coupling with Gq/11. Here, we identified a region within the C-terminal domain (amino acids 852-876) that is necessary and sufficient forINMlocalization of the receptor. Because these sequences do not correspond to known nuclear localization signal motifs, they represent a new motif for INM trafficking. mGluR5 is also trafficked to the plasma membrane where it undergoes re-cycling/degradation in a separate receptor pool, one that does not interact with the nuclear mGluR5 pool. Finally, our data suggest that once at the INM,mGluR5is stably retained via interactions with chromatin. Thus, mGluR5 is perfectly positioned to regulate nucleoplasmic Ca2+ in situ.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3637-3655
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume292
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 3 2017

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