Semen amyloids participate in spermatozoa selection and clearance

Nadia R. Roan, Nathallie Sandi-Monroy, Nargis Kohgadai, Shariq M. Usmani, Katherine G. Hamil, Jason Neidleman, Mauricio Montano, Ludger Ständker, Annika Röcker, Marielle Cavrois, Jared Rosen, Kara Marson, James F. Smith, Christopher D. Pilcher, Friedrich Gagsteiger, Olena Sakk, Michael O’Rand, Polina V. Lishko, Frank Kirchhoff, Jan MünchWarner C. Greene

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Unlike other human biological fluids, semen contains multiple types of amyloid fibrils in the absence of disease. These fibrils enhance HIV infection by promoting viral fusion to cellular targets, but their natural function remained unknown. The similarities shared between HIV fusion to host cell and sperm fusion to oocyte led us to examine whether these fibrils promote fertilization. Surprisingly, the fibrils inhibited fertilization by immobilizing sperm. Interestingly, however, this immobilization facilitated uptake and clearance of sperm by macrophages, which are known to infiltrate the female reproductive tract (FRT) following semen exposure. In the presence of semen fibrils, damaged and apoptotic sperm were more rapidly phagocytosed than healthy ones, suggesting that deposition of semen fibrils in the lower FRT facilitates clearance of poor-quality sperm. Our findings suggest that amyloid fibrils in semen may play a role in reproduction by participating in sperm selection and facilitating the rapid removal of sperm antigens.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere24888
StatePublished - Jun 27 2017


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