Semaglutide improves metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis: A 10-year retrospective study

Parth Shah, Megan White, Alex Sievert, Alexander Conway, Adam Kneepkens, Gregory Sayuk, Mauricio Lisker-Melman, Jill Elwing

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Background and Aims: Semaglutide has been studied in patients with metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis (MASH) due to potential benefit from weight loss on liver inflammation. However, preclinical studies suggest that MASH improvement may be independent of weight loss. We aim to assess the impact of semaglutide on MASH in relation to weight loss. Methods: This retrospective study included 420 patients with diabetes on semaglutide for at least 12 months between 2011 and 2022. Exclusion criteria were liver disease other than MASH, decompensated cirrhosis, malignancy, and bariatric surgery. Primary endpoints were clinically significant improvements in AST or ALT (mean difference > 6.3 U/L and > 10.6 U/L respectively). Statistical analysis included Student's t-test/ANOVA, Wilcoxon signed-rank test/Friedman test as appropriate, and binary logistic regression. Results: Median duration of semaglutide was 22.5 months and 80% of patients received 1 mg/week. BMI improved by a mean (SD) of 1.9 points (2.8), weight by 13.3 lbs. (19.1), AST by 4.1 U/L (11.5), and ALT by 5.3 U/L (14.2). In 28% and 22% of patients respectively, AST and ALT had a clinically significant improvement. MASH scores (NFS, FIB4, APRI) improved after semaglutide (p < 0.001). No statistically significant differences in AST or ALT improvement were found when patients were stratified by BMI prior to semaglutide or when stratified by percentage of weight loss. On logistic regression, the duration of semaglutide and pretreatment APRI score increased the odds of clinically significant improvements of AST and ALT. Conclusion: Semaglutide treatment was associated with improvement in transaminases and MASH scores. Higher odds of positive semaglutide effects were observed with longer treatment duration and were independent of weight loss.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere13037
JournalJGH Open
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2024


  • metabolic dysfunction-associated steatohepatitis
  • semaglutide
  • treatment
  • weight loss


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