Self-reported emotional health and social support but not executive function are associated with participation after stroke

Corinne Ianni, Laura Magee, Chaitali Dagli, Marjorie L. Nicholas, Lisa Tabor Connor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Participation restrictions continue to be prevalent for community-dwelling stroke survivors. Research is needed to understand the associated post-stroke factors that limit or facilitate optimal participation and quality of life. Objectives: To investigate emotional health, executive functioning (EF), and social support as predictors of participation restrictions post-stroke. Methods: Cross-sectional data collected from participants ≥ 6 months after mild stroke with and without aphasia (N = 114) were analyzed using three participation outcome measures: Reintegration to Normal Living Index (RNL), Activity Card Sort (ACS), and the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) Version 2.0 Participation/Role Function domain. Predictor variables investigated were emotional health (SIS Emotion domain scores), EF (Delis Kaplan Executive Function System Trail Making Condition 4: DKEFS), social support (Medical Outcomes Study Social Support Survey: MOS-SSS), stroke severity (National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale: NIHSS), and education level. Results: Using multiple regression, these predictors accounted for 26.4% to 40% of the variance for the three participation outcomes. Emotional health was a significant independent predictor across all three measures. Social support was a significant predictor of participation as measured on the RNL. Executive function was not a significant predictor of participation when controlling for the other predictor variables. Conclusions: Emotional health and social support should be considered as modifiable factors that could optimize meaningful participation and quality of life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)568-577
Number of pages10
JournalTopics in stroke rehabilitation
Volume30
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2023

Keywords

  • emotional health
  • executive function
  • participation
  • social support
  • stroke

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Self-reported emotional health and social support but not executive function are associated with participation after stroke'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this