Self-care management of bothersome symptoms as recommended by clinicians for patients with a chronic condition: A Delphi study

Heleen Westland, Shayleigh Dickson Page, Michelle van Rijn, Subhash Aryal, Kenneth E. Freedland, Christopher Lee, Anna Strömberg, Ercole Vellone, Douglas J. Wiebe, Tiny Jaarsma, Barbara Riegel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Chronically medically ill patients often need clinical assistance with symptom management, as well as self-care interventions that can help to reduce the impact of bothersome symptoms. Experienced clinicians can help to guide the development of more effective self-care interventions. Objective: To create a consensus-based list of common bothersome symptoms of chronic conditions and of self-care management behaviors recommended to patients by clinicians to reduce the impact of these symptoms. Methods: A two-round Delphi study was performed among an international panel of 47 clinicians using online surveys to identify common and bothersome symptoms and related self-care management behaviors recommended to patients with heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, asthma, type 2 diabetes, or arthritis. Results: A total of 30 common bothersome symptoms and 158 self-care management behaviors across the five conditions were listed. Each chronic condition has its own bothersome symptoms and self-care management behaviors. Consensus was reached on the vast majority of recommended behaviors. Conclusions: The list of common bothersome symptoms and self-care management behaviors reflect consensus across four countries on many points but also disagreement on others, and a few recommendations are inconsistent with current guidelines. Efforts to encourage clinicians to recommend effective self-care management behaviors may reduce symptom impact in chronically ill patient populations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-49
Number of pages10
JournalHeart and Lung
Volume56
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 1 2022

Keywords

  • Chronic care
  • Delphi study
  • Self-care
  • Self-care management
  • Symptoms

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