Selective uptake of the synthetic amino terminal fragment of bovine parathyroid hormone by isolated perfused bone

K. J. Martin, J. J. Freitag, M. B. Conrades, K. A. Hruska, S. Klahr, E. Slatopolsky

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61 Scopus citations


Studies from our laboratory have shown that the metabolic clearance rate of carboxy terminal immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (i-PTH) can be accounted for by extraction of i-PTH by liver and kidney. In contrast, there was no demonstrable hepatic uptake of the synthetic amino terminal bovine PTH fragment (syn b-PTH 1.34) and the kidney accounted for only 45% of the metabolic clearance rate of amino terminal i-PTH. This suggested that another major site, presumably bone, played a role in the metabolism of syn b-PTH 1.34. Extraction of i-PTH by isolated perfused bone was studied during infusion of purified bovine PTH (b-PTH) 1-84 or syn b-PTH 1-34. In five studies during infusion of syn b-PTH 1-34 the arteriovenous difference for i-PTH across bone was 36%. In contrast, no significant uptake of carboxy terminal i-PTH was observed in nine studies during infusion of b-PTH 1-84. In addition, when H2O2-oxidized (biologically inactive) syn b-PTH 1-34 was used no arterio-venous difference was observed. These findings correlated with the ability of these PTH preparations to stimulate cyclic AMP production by the perfused bone. Syn b-PTH 1-34 increased cyclic AMP production at perfusate PTH concentrations of 1-5 ng/ml, whereas b-PTH 1-84 evoked only a minimal response at concentrations of 10-20 ng/ml. We conclude that bone is a major site of metabolism of the amino terminal PTH fragment, syn b-PTH 1-34. In addition, these data suggest that cleavage of the intact hormone, with the production of amino terminal PTH fragments by peripheral organs (liver and kidney), may play a major role in the regulation of PTH effects on bone.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)256-261
Number of pages6
JournalUnknown Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1978


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