Selective elimination of IK,slow1 in mouse ventricular myocytes expressing a dominant negative Kv1.5α subunit

Huffin Li, Weinong Guo, Kathryn A. Yamada, Jeanne M. Nerbonne

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Abstract

Although previous studies have revealed a role for the voltage-gated K + channel α-subunit Kv1.5 (KCNA5) in the generation of the 4-aminopyridine (4-AP)-sensitive component of delayed rectification in mouse ventricles (IK,slow1), the phenotypic consequences of manipulating IK,slow1 expression in vivo in different (mouse) models are distinct. In these experiments, point mutations were introduced in the pore region of Kv1.5 to change the tryptophan (W) at position 461 to phenylalanine (F) to produce a nonconducting subunit, Kv1.5W461F, that is shown to function as a Kv1 subfamily-specific dominant negative (Kv1.5DN). With the use of the α-myosin heavy chain promoter to direct cardiac-specific expression, three lines of Kv1.5DN-expressing (C57BL6) transgenic mice were generated and characterized. Electrophysiological recordings from Kv1.5-DN-expressing left ventricular myocytes revealed that the micromolar 4-AP sensitive I K,slow1 is selectively eliminated. The attenuation of I K,slow1 is accompanied by increased ventricular action potential durations and marked QT prolongation. In contrast to previous findings in mice expressing a truncated (DN) Kv1.1 transgene; however, no electrical remodeling is evident in Kv1.5DN-expressing ventricular myocytes, and the (Kv1.5DN-induced) elimination of IK,slow1 does not result in spontaneous ventricular arrhythmias.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)H319-H328
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Volume286
Issue number1 55-1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2004

Keywords

  • K currents
  • Long QT
  • Repolarization

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