Selective defect of in vivo glycolysis in early Huntington's disease striatum

William J. Powers, Tom O. Videen, Joanne Markham, Lori McGee-Minnich, Jo Ann V. Antenor-Dorsey, Tamara Hershey, Joel S. Perlmutter

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131 Scopus citations

Abstract

Activity of complexes II, III, and IV of the mitochondrial electron transport system (ETS) is reduced in postmortem Huntington's disease (HD) striatum, suggesting that reduced cerebral oxidative phosphorylation may be important in the pathogenesis of neuronal death. We investigated mitochondrial oxidative metabolism in vivo in the striatum of 20 participants with early, genetically proven HD and 15 age-matched normal controls by direct measurements of the molar ratio of cerebral oxygen metabolism to cerebral glucose metabolism (CMRO2/CMRglc) with positron emission tomography. There was a significant increase in striatal CMRO2/CMRglc in HD rather than the decrease characteristic of defects in mitochondrial oxidative metabolism (6.0 ± 1.6 vs. 5.1 ± 0.9, P = 0.04). CMRO2 was not different from controls (126 ± 37 vs. 134 ± 31 μmol 100 g-1 min-1, P = 0.49), whereas CMRglc was decreased (21.6 ± 6.1 vs. 26.4 ± 4.6 μmol 100 g-1 min-1, P = 0.01). Striatal volume was decreased as well (13.9 ± 3.5 vs. 17.6 ± 2.0 ml, P = 0.001). Increased striatal CMRO2/CMRglc with unchanged CMRO2 is inconsistent with a defect in mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation due to reduced activity of the mitochondrial ETS. Because HD pathology was already manifest by striatal atrophy, deficient energy production due to a reduced activity of the mitochondrial ETS is not important in the mechanism of neuronal death in early HD. Because glycolytic metabolism is predominantly astrocytic, the selective reduction in striatal CMRglc raises the possibility that astrocyte dysfunction may be involved in the pathogenesis of HD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2945-2949
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume104
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 20 2007

Keywords

  • Basal ganglia
  • Cerebral metabolism
  • Mitochondria
  • Oxidative phosphorylation

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