Segmentation of the prostate transition zone and peripheral zone on mr images with deep learning

Michelle Bardis, Roozbeh Houshyar, Chanon Chantaduly, Karen Tran-Harding, Alexander Ushinsky, Chantal Chahine, Mark Rupasinghe, Daniel Chow, Peter Chang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: images. To develop a deep learning model to delineate the transition zone (TZ) and peripheral zone (PZ) of the prostate on MR Materials and Methods: This retrospective study was composed of patients who underwent a multiparametric prostate MRI and an MRI/ transrectal US fusion biopsy between January 2013 and May 2016. A board-certified abdominal radiologist manually segmented the prostate, TZ, and PZ on the entire data set. Included accessions were split into 60% training, 20% validation, and 20% test data sets for model development. Three convolutional neural networks with a U-Net architecture were trained for automatic recognition of the prostate organ, TZ, and PZ. Model performance for segmentation was assessed using Dice scores and Pearson correlation coefficients. Results: A total of 242 patients were included (242 MR images; 6292 total images). Models for prostate organ segmentation, TZ segmentation, and PZ segmentation were trained and validated. Using the test data set, for prostate organ segmentation, the mean Dice score was 0.940 (interquartile range, 0.930–0.961), and the Pearson correlation coefficient for volume was 0.981 (95% CI: 0.966, 0.989). For TZ segmentation, the mean Dice score was 0.910 (interquartile range, 0.894–0.938), and the Pearson correlation coefficient for volume was 0.992 (95% CI: 0.985, 0.995). For PZ segmentation, the mean Dice score was 0.774 (interquartile range, 0.727–0.832), and the Pearson correlation coefficient for volume was 0.927 (95% CI: 0.870, 0.957). Conclusion: Deep learning with an architecture composed of three U-Nets can accurately segment the prostate, TZ, and PZ.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere200024
JournalRadiology: Imaging Cancer
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2021

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