Secretome survey of human plexiform neurofibroma derived schwann cells reveals a secreted form of the RARRES1 protein

Hui Ling Chen, Haeri Seol, Kristy Jean Brown, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Ashley Hill, Vittorio Gallo, Roger Packer, Yetrib Hathout

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To bring insights into neurofibroma biochemistry, a comprehensive secretome analysis was performed on cultured human primary Schwann cells isolated from surgically resected plexiform neurofibroma and from normal nerve tissue. Using a combination of SDS-PAGE and high precision LC-MS/MS, 907 proteins were confidently identified in the conditioned media of Schwann cell cultures combined. Label free proteome profiling revealed consistent release of high levels of 22 proteins by the four biological replicates of NF1 Schwann cell cultures relative to the two normal Schwann cell cultures. Inversely, 9 proteins displayed decreased levels in the conditioned media of NF1 relative to normal Schwann cells. The proteins with increased levels included proteins involved in cell growth, angiogenesis and complement pathway while proteins with decreased levels included those involved in cell adhesion, plasminogen pathway and extracellular matrix remodeling. Retinoic acid receptor responder protein-1 (RARRES1), previously described as an integral membrane tumor suppressor, was found exclusively secreted by NF1 Schwann cells but not by normal Schwann cells. All-trans retinoic acid modulated secretion of RARRES1 in a dose dependent manner. This study shows altered secretion of key proteins in NF1 derived Schwann cells. The potential implication of these proteins in neurofibroma biology is discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9380-9399
Number of pages20
JournalInternational journal of molecular sciences
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2012


  • Plexiform neurofibroma
  • Retinoic acid receptor responder protein1
  • Schwann cells
  • Secretome


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