Secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease in older adults

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Abstract

Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease is extremely common in older adults and the potential benefits of secondary prevention are perhaps greater in this population than in younger patients. While there is good evidence that secondary prevention efforts are justified in patients up to 80 years of age, limited data are available on secondary prevention in octogenarians and there is no evidence to guide treatment in patients ≥. 90 years of age. Further, the value of secondary prevention may be confounded by prevalent comorbidities, polypharmacy, and limited life expectancy. It is therefore essential that all management decisions be made in relation to individual preferences and goals of care, with understanding by patients that benefits as well as risks may increase with age. Furthermore, research is needed to refine markers to better delineate which older adults are most likely to benefit from preventive therapies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)168-175
Number of pages8
JournalProgress in cardiovascular diseases
Volume57
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2014

Keywords

  • Cardiac rehabilitation
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Prevention
  • Smoking

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