Screening method to evaluate point-of-care human chorionic gonadotropin (hcg) devices for susceptibility to the hook effect by hcg β core fragment: Evaluation of 11 devices

Robert D. Nerenz, Haowei Song, Ann M. Gronowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The predominant hCG variant in urine, hCG β core fragment (hCGβcf), has been demonstrated to cause false-negative results in qualitative point-of-care (POC) hCG devices. This is a major concern for healthcare professionals using POC pregnancy tests. We developed a screening method to evaluate qualitative POC hCG devices for their susceptibility to inhibition by hCGβcf. Using this method, we evaluated the performance of 11 commonly used devices. METHODS: A wide range of purified hCG and hCGβcf concentrations were mixed and tested on 2 POC devices. By use of those results, a screening method was defined and 9 additional POC devices were evaluated. Two solutions containing (a) 500 pmol/L (171 IU/L) intact hCG with 0 pmol/L hCGβcf and (b) 500 pmol/Lintact hCG with 500 000 pmol/L hCGβcf were used to screen all POC devices. RESULTS: The OSOM and Cen-Med Elite devices were found to be most susceptible to false-negative results due to hCGβcf. The BC Icon 20 and the Alere were the least susceptible. The remaining 7 were moderately affected. Devices that gave the strongest signal with hCGβcf alone were those that were least likely to show a hook effect. CONCLUSIONS: The screening method put forth here can be used by device users and manufacturers to evaluate POC devices for inhibition by hCGβcf. Of 11 devices evaluated, only 2 have been identified that exhibit minimal to no susceptibility to hCGβcf.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)667-674
Number of pages8
JournalClinical chemistry
Volume60
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

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