School-aged anthropometric outcomes after endoscopic or open repair of metopic synostosis

Austin Y. Ha, Gary B. Skolnick, David Chi, Dennis C. Nguyen, Sybill D. Naidoo, Matthew D. Smyth, Kamlesh B. Patel

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Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Metopic craniosynostosis can be treated by fronto-orbital advancement or endoscopic strip craniectomy with postoperative helmeting. Infants younger than 6 months of age are eligible for the endoscopic repair. One-year postoperative anthropometric outcomes have been shown to be equivalent, with significantly less morbidity after endoscopic treatment. The authors hypothesized that both repairs would yield equivalent anthropometric outcomes at 5-years postoperative. METHODS: This study was a retrospective chart review of 31 consecutive nonsyndromic patients with isolated metopic craniosynostosis treated with either endoscopic or open correction. The primary anthropometric outcomes were frontal width, interfrontal divergence angle, the Whitaker classification, and the presence of lateral frontal retrusion. Peri-operative variables included estimated blood loss, rates of blood transfusion, length of stay, and operating time. RESULTS: There was a significantly lower rate of lateral frontal retrusion in the endoscopic group. No statistically significant differences were found in the other 3 anthropometric outcomes at 5-years postoperative. The endoscopic group was younger at the time of surgery and had improved peri-operative outcomes related to operating time, hospital stay and blood loss. Both groups had low complication and reoperation rates. CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of school-aged children with isolated metopic craniosynostosis, patients who underwent endoscopic repair had superior or equivalent outcomes on all 4 primary anthropometric measures compared with those who underwent open repair. Endoscopic repair was associated with significantly faster recovery and decreased morbidity. Endoscopic repair should be considered in patients diagnosed with metopic craniosynostosis before 6 months of age.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere20200238
JournalPediatrics
Volume146
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2020

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