SARS-CoV-2 infection of the pancreas promotes thrombofibrosis and is associated with new-onset diabetes

Mirza Muhammad Fahd Qadir, Manika Bhondeley, Wandy Beatty, Dina D. Gaupp, Lara A. Doyle-Meyers, Tracy Fischer, Ishitri Bandyopadhyay, Robert V. Blair, Rudolf Bohm, Jay Rappaport, Eric Lazartigues, Richard S. Vander Heide, Jay K. Kolls, Xuebin Qin, Franck Mauvais-Jarvis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Evidence suggests an association between severe acute respiratory syndrome-cornavirus-2 (SARSCoV- 2) infection and the occurrence of new-onset diabetes. We examined pancreatic expression of angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2) and transmembrane serine protease 2 (TMPRSS2), the cell entry factors for SARS-CoV-2, using publicly available single-cell RNA sequencing data sets, and pancreatic tissue from control male and female nonhuman primates (NHPs) and humans. We also examined SARS-CoV-2 immunolocalization in pancreatic cells of SARS-CoV-2-infected NHPs and patients who had died from coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We report expression of ACE2 in pancreatic islet, ductal, and endothelial cells in NHPs and humans. In pancreata from SARSCoV- 2-infected NHPs and COVID-19 patients, SARS-CoV-2 infected ductal, endothelial, and islet cells. These pancreata also exhibited generalized fibrosis associated with multiple vascular thrombi. Two out of 8 NHPs developed new-onset diabetes following SARS-CoV-2 infection. Two out of 5 COVID-19 patients exhibited new-onset diabetes at admission. These results suggest that SARSCoV- 2 infection of the pancreas may promote acute and especially chronic pancreatic dysfunction that could potentially lead to new-onset diabetes.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere151551
JournalJCI Insight
Volume6
Issue number16
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 23 2021

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