Rationale and Objectives To investigate whether imaging features on multiphasic multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) can help discriminate sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma (RCC) and collecting duct carcinoma (CDC) from other solid renal masses. Materials and Methods With institutional review board approval for this HIPAA-compliant study, we derived a cohort of 7 sarcomatoid RCCs, 4 CDCs, 165 clear cell RCCs, 56 papillary RCCs, 22 chromophobe RCCs, 49 oncocytomas, and 16 lipid-poor angiomyolipomas with preoperative multiphasic MDCT with up to four phases (unenhanced, corticomedullary, nephrographic, and excretory). Each lesion was reviewed for contour, spread pattern, pattern of enhancement, neovascularity, and calcification. Results Sarcomatoid RCCs and CDCs were more likely than other solid renal masses to have an irregular contour (64% vs 2%, P < 0.001) and an infiltrative spread pattern, defined as infiltration into adjacent renal parenchyma, collecting system, or neighboring structures (82% vs 7%, P < 0.001). When used to discriminate sarcomatoid RCC and CDC from other solid renal masses, an infiltrative spread pattern had a specificity of 93% (287/308) and sensitivity of 82% (9/11), and an irregular contour had a specificity of 98% (303/308) and sensitivity of 64% (7/11). Conclusions Solid renal lesions with an irregular contour or an infiltrative spread pattern are suspicious for sarcomatoid RCC or CDC.
- collecting duct carcinoma
- multidetector computed tomography
- Renal cell carcinoma
- sarcomatoid renal cell carcinoma