Muscle involvement in sarcoidosis is common by pathologic analysis, but symptomatic disorders are less frequent. Sarcoidosis-related muscle pathology includes non-caseating granulomas, muscle fiber changes that are diffuse or anatomically related to granulomas, and perimysial connective tissue with histiocyte-associated damage. The mechanisms by which granulomas form, enlarge and damage muscle tissues are incompletely understood. Sarcoidosis-related clinical syndromes with muscle involvement include: chronic myopathies with proximal weakness; nodular disorders; subacute onset disorders involving proximal or eye muscles; myalgia or fatigue syndromes; and, possibly, inclusion body myositis-like disorders. Corticosteroid treatment may benefit some syndromes, but clinical trials are necessary.