SAPCD2 Controls Spindle Orientation and Asymmetric Divisions by Negatively Regulating the Gαi-LGN-NuMA Ternary Complex

Catherine W.N. Chiu, Carine Monat, Mélanie Robitaille, Marine Lacomme, Avais M. Daulat, Graham Macleod, Helen McNeill, Michel Cayouette, Stéphane Angers

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12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Control of cell-division orientation is integral to epithelial morphogenesis and asymmetric cell division. Proper spatiotemporal localization of the evolutionarily conserved Gαi-LGN-NuMA protein complex is critical for mitotic spindle orientation, but how this is achieved remains unclear. Here we identify Suppressor APC domain containing 2 (SAPCD2) as a previously unreported LGN-interacting protein. We show that SAPCD2 is essential to instruct planar mitotic spindle orientation in both epithelial cell cultures and mouse retinal progenitor cells in vivo. Loss of SAPCD2 randomizes spindle orientation, which in turn disrupts cyst morphogenesis in three-dimensional cultures, and triples the number of terminal asymmetric cell divisions in the developing retina. Mechanistically, we show that SAPCD2 negatively regulates the localization of LGN at the cell cortex, likely by competing with NuMA for its binding. These results uncover SAPCD2 as a key regulator of the ternary complex controlling spindle orientation during morphogenesis and asymmetric cell divisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)50-62
Number of pages13
JournalDevelopmental cell
Volume36
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 11 2016
Externally publishedYes

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    Chiu, C. W. N., Monat, C., Robitaille, M., Lacomme, M., Daulat, A. M., Macleod, G., McNeill, H., Cayouette, M., & Angers, S. (2016). SAPCD2 Controls Spindle Orientation and Asymmetric Divisions by Negatively Regulating the Gαi-LGN-NuMA Ternary Complex. Developmental cell, 36(1), 50-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.devcel.2015.12.016