Background. Optimal management for recurrent IDH-mutant glioma after radiation therapy (RT) is not well-defined. This study assesses practice patterns for managing recurrent IDH-mutant astrocytoma (Astro) and 1p/19q codeleted oligodendroglioma (Oligo) after RT and surveys their clinical outcomes after different salvage approaches. Methods. Ninety-four recurrent Astro or Oligo patients after RT who received salvage systemic therapy (SST) between 2001 and 2019 at a tertiary cancer center were retrospectively analyzed. SST was defined as either alkylating chemotherapy (AC) or nonalkylating therapy (non-AC). Overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) were calculated using the Kaplan-Meier method from the start of SST. Multivariable analysis (MVA) was conducted using Cox regression analysis. Results. Recurrent Oligo (n = 35) had significantly higher PFS (median: 3.1 vs 0.8 years, respectively, P = .002) and OS (median: 6.3 vs 1.5 years, respectively, P < .001) than Astro (n = 59). Overall, 90% of recurrences were local. Eight-three percent received AC as the first-line SST; 50% received salvage surgery before SST; approximately 50% with local failure >2 years after prior RT received reirradiation. On MVA, non-AC was associated with worse OS for both Oligo and Astro; salvage surgery was associated with improved PFS and OS for Astro; early reirradiation was associated with improved PFS for Astro. Conclusions. Recurrent radiation-relapsed IDH-mutant gliomas represent a heterogeneous group with variable treatment approaches. Surgery, AC, and reirradiation remain the mainstay of salvage options for retreatment.
- IDH-mutant glioma
- salvage therapy