Clinical trials of chemotherapy in germ cell cancer have explored the full range of the relationship of chemotherapy dose and intensity. In good-risk patients, successful efforts have diminished the duration of treatment or number of drugs required to reliably cure the illness. In patients with a poor prognosis, efforts to intensify therapy have been undertaken. In the setting of disease recurrence after primary chemotherapy, the outlook is considerably less hopeful, as only 20% to 30% of patients survive recurrent illness. Current standard treatment in this setting is combination therapy with ifosfamide and cisplatin, given with either etoposide or vinblastine. High-dose chemotherapy with bone marrow or peripheral blood stem cell support can cure a small portion of selected patients with multiple recurrences of germ cell cancer. The impact of earlier treatment with high-dose chemotherapy (either as initial salvage therapy or primary treatment) is less certain. Clinical trials in these settings have not yet demonstrated a definite advantage over less toxic conventional-dose therapies.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Seminars in Oncology|
|Issue number||5 SUPPL. 12|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1994|