Objective: We aimed to investigate the incidence and causes of readmission of infants with single-ventricle and shunt-dependent biventricular CHD following routine, outpatient cardiac catheterisation.Background Cardiac catheterisation is commonly performed in patients with single-ventricle and shunt-dependent biventricular CHD for haemodynamic assessment and surgical planning. Best practices for post-procedural care in this population are unknown, and substantial variation exists between centres. Outpatient catheterisation reduces parental anxiety and decreases cost. Our institutional strategy is to discharge patients following a 4- to 6-hour post-procedure observation period. Methods: Retrospective cohort study using the Society of Thoracic Surgeons Database identified patients <1 year of age with pre-stage II single-ventricle CHD or shunt-dependent biventricular CHD who underwent cardiac catheterisation between 2007 and 2015. Readmission was defined as admission to the hospital within 48 hours after discharge after catheterisation. Results: A total of 92 patients were included in the analysis. Among them, 62 patients (67%) were discharged after a 4- to 6-hour observation period with only 3% readmission, 18 patients (20%) stayed for a 23-hour observation period, and 12 patients (13%) were admitted for >23 hours. There were no differences in baseline characteristics between discharged and admitted patients. Patients who underwent intervention were more likely to be admitted. Patients with hypoplastic left heart syndrome did not have major adverse events or readmissions. No intra- or peri-procedural deaths occurred. Conclusions: Outpatient cardiac catheterisation may be a safe option for infants with single-ventricle and shunt-dependent biventricular CHD, with low readmission rates and minimal morbidity.
- cardiac catheterisation
- hypoplastic left heart syndrome
- single ventricle