Safety and tolerability of the dual 5α-reductase inhibitor dutasteride in the treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia

Gerald L. Andriole, Roger Kirby

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

157 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: The objective of this paper is to examine safety and tolerability data from a number of recently completed clinical trials with the novel, dual 5α-reductase inhibitor, dutasteride. Methods: Intent-to-treat analyses were conducted on data for dutasteride 0.5 mg/day for drug-related adverse events, clinical laboratory test results, and prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels derived from four large, randomised, double-blind clinical trials (n = 5655). Further data were derived from a randomised, double-blind combination study of dutasteride 0.5 mg/day and tamsulosin 0.4 mg/day (n = 327), and several safety studies conducted in healthy volunteers. Results: Data from two-year blinded clinical studies demonstrate that dutasteride is well tolerated, with a profile comparable with that of placebo. The exception is a modestly elevated incidence of impotence, decreased libido, ejaculation disorders, and gynaecomastia. Clinical laboratory test abnormalities were reported by <1% of patients treated with dutasteride, and abnormal values occurred with similar frequency versus placebo-treated patients. In a healthy volunteer study, when dutasteride was administered daily for 1 year, it did not significantly affect bone metabolism markers, bone mineral density or lipid profiles. Dutasteride reduced total serum PSA concentrations by ∼50% following 6, 12, and 24 months of treatment but had no effect on free-to-total PSA levels. The safety profile of dutasteride did not differ from that of finasteride in a large, parallel-group, comparator trial. Additionally, when dutasteride was used in combination with an α1-blocker, the drug-related adverse event profiles were as would be expected for the individual agents. Conclusions: Considered together, these data demonstrate dutasteride to be well-tolerated.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)82-88
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Urology
Volume44
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2003

Keywords

  • BPH
  • Dutasteride
  • Safety
  • Tolerability

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