Chronic hepatitis B virus infections are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in HIV co-infected patients. The standard of care for treating HCV co-infection has been guided by major clinical trials, but the treatment of HBV co-infection has not been as thoroughly studied and the standard of care remains largely untested. The single pill formulation of tenofovir with emtricitabine has become a standard treatment approach in HBV co-infected patients. WU114 was a phase 1 clinical trial that examined the safety and tolerability of sequential treatment of HBV with pegylated interferon-α2a plus delayed-initiation tenofovir in HIV co-infected individuals. We postulated that initial HBV viral load reduction with pegylated interferon prior to initiation of nucleoside/nucleotide therapy would increase seroconversion events and durability of HBV virologic suppression. No severe pegylated IFN-α2a drug toxicities were seen in either the monotherapy or delayed tenofovir arms. Sequential pegylated interferon and tenofovir-based therapy was tolerable and should be compared with dual nucleoside/nucleotide suppression to determine relative frequencies of seroconversion and durability of HBV suppression in co-infected patients.
- Phase 1 clinical trial