Purpose: To report safety and tolerability of a one-time administration of ophthalmic 5% povidone-iodine (5% PVP-I) in a double-masked randomized trial for the treatment of adenoviral conjunctivitis (Ad-Cs). Methods: Of 212 participants screened, 56 eligible participants with red eye symptoms ≤4 days and a positive adenoviral rapid immunoassay were randomized to a one-time administration of ophthalmic 5% PVP-I or preservative free artificial tears (AT). Safety was assessed by corneal fluorescein staining (baseline, immediate post-administration and Day 1) and visual acuity (VA) (baseline and Day 1). Tolerability was assessed using participant-rated overall ocular discomfort (baseline, immediately post-administration and on Day 1. Results: In the 5% PVP-I group, corneal staining increased immediately post-administration but returned to baseline levels by Day 1. There was no change in VA between baseline and Day 1 in either 5% PVP-I or AT groups (p = 0.87). In the 5% PVP-I group, there was no change in participant-rated overall discomfort immediately post-administration (p = 0.78) or on day 1 (p = 0.10) compared to baseline. In the AT group, participant-rated overall discomfort was lower immediately post-administration but returned to baseline levels by Day 1. One adverse event was reported in the 5% PVP-I group on Day 1–2 that was classified as not related to treatment. Conclusion: These results suggest ophthalmic 5% PVP-I used as a one-time treatment is safe and well tolerated by patients with Ad-Cs.
- Adenoviral conjunctivitis
- Corneal staining