Safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt creation for the treatment of hepatic hydrothorax

E. Brooke Spencer, Daniel T. Cohen, Michael D. Darcy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

100 Scopus citations

Abstract

PURPOSE: To evaluate safety and efficacy of transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) creation for hepatic hydrothorax (HHyd). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent TIPS creation for HHyd. A prospective TIPS database and medical records were reviewed. Clinical and radiographic outcomes were recorded as complete (symptom/effusion resolution), partial (improved symptoms/effusion), or none. Data patterns were examined with X2 tests and Kaplan-Meier analysis. RESULTS: Patients included 12 women and nine men, with a mean age of 56 years, all with Child class B (n = 7) or C (n = 14) disease. The technical success rate was 100%. Mean follow-up was 223 days. Twenty-nine percent (six of 21) died within 30 days of TIPS creation, 10% (two of 21) underwent transplantation within 30 days, and 62% (13 of 21) survived beyond 30 days. Data were incomplete in two patients. Clinical response was classified as complete in 63% (12 of 19), partial in 11% (two of 19), and none in 26% (five of 19). Radiographic response was classified as complete in 30% (six of 20), partial in 50% (10 of 20), and none in 20% (four of 20). Nonresponders had multisystem organ failure, and all but one died within 30 days. However, of the 13 patients surviving longer than 30 days, 10 (77%) had a complete clinical response. CONCLUSION: TIPS is a relatively safe and effective method of controlling HHyd. The majority of patients experienced improvement or resolution of clinical symptoms with a variable reduction in the quantity of pleural fluid. There was a tendency among nonresponders to die within 30 days.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-390
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology
Volume13
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2002

Keywords

  • Hydrothorax
  • Shunts, portosystemic

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