Background: The SVELTE fixed-wire and rapid exchange bioresorbable-polymer sirolimus-eluting coronary stent systems (SVELTE sirolimus-eluting stent [SES]) are novel, low-profile devices designed to facilitate direct stenting, transradial access, and enhance procedural efficiencies. Methods: Eligible subjects (N=1639) scheduled to undergo percutaneous coronary intervention for non-ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction or stable coronary artery disease were randomly assigned (1:1) to treatment with either SVELTE SES or a control durable polymer everolimus-eluting coronary stent. The primary end point was 12-month target lesion failure and a noninferiority margin was specified as 3.58% with an expected event rate of 6.5%. Results: Target lesion failure was observed in 10.3% of SVELTE SES and 9.5% of control everolimus-eluting stent subjects under intention to treat analysis (difference=0.8%; PNI=0.034). Clinically indicated target lesion revascularization and stent thrombosis were observed in 1.5% versus 1.9% (P=0.57) and 0.38% versus 0.51% (P=0.72) of SVELTE SES versus control everolimus-eluting stent-treated subjects, respectively. Protocol-defined target vessel myocardial infarction (9.4% versus 8.2%) was higher than anticipated and more frequent at sites that utilized troponin versus creatine kinase myocardial band assays. Conclusions: The SVELTE SES did not meet the prespecified threshold for noninferiority. Unexpectedly, high rates of target vessel myocardial infarction in both treatment groups contributed to higher than expected rates of target lesion failure, effectively underpowering the study. No differences between the SVELTE SES and control everolimus-eluting stent were observed for primary clinical or angiographic end point events. Registration: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT03190473.
|Journal||Circulation: Cardiovascular Interventions|
|State||Accepted/In press - 2021|
- drug-eluting stent
- percutaneous coronary intervention