Round window electrocochleography before and after cochlear implant electrode insertion

Oliver F. Adunka, Christopher K. Giardina, Eric J. Formeister, Baishakhi Choudhury, Craig A. Buchman, Douglas C. Fitzpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective/Hypothesis Previous reports have documented the feasibility of utilizing electrocochleographic (ECoG) responses to acoustic signals to assess trauma caused during cochlear implantation. The hypothesis is that intraoperative round window ECoG before and after electrode insertion will help predict postoperative hearing preservation outcomes in cochlear implant recipients. Study Design Prospective cohort study. Methods Intraoperative round window ECoG responses were collected from 31 cochlear implant recipients (14 children and 17 adults) immediately prior to and just after electrode insertion. Hearing preservation was determined by postoperative changes in behavioral thresholds. Results On average, the postinsertion response was smaller than the preinsertion response by an average of 4 dB across frequencies. However, in some cases (12 of 31) the response increased after insertion. The subsequent hearing loss was greater than the acute loss in the ECoG, averaging 22 dB across the same frequency range (250-1,000 Hz). There was no correlation between the change in the ECoG response and the corresponding change in audiometric threshold. Conclusions Intraoperative ECoG is a sensitive method for detecting electrophysiologic changes during implantation but had limited prognostic value regarding hearing preservation in the current conventional cochlear implant patient population where hearing preservation was not intended.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1193-1200
Number of pages8
JournalLaryngoscope
Volume126
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Electrocochleography
  • cochlear implants
  • cochlear physiology
  • hearing preservation
  • intraoperative monitoring

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    Adunka, O. F., Giardina, C. K., Formeister, E. J., Choudhury, B., Buchman, C. A., & Fitzpatrick, D. C. (2016). Round window electrocochleography before and after cochlear implant electrode insertion. Laryngoscope, 126(5), 1193-1200. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.25602