Roles of myocardial blood volume and flow in coronary artery disease: An experimental MRI study at rest and during hyperemia

Kyle S. McCommis, Thomas A. Goldstein, Dana R. Abendschein, Bernd Misselwitz, Thomas Pilgram, Robert J. Gropler, Jie Zheng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Scopus citations


Objective: To validate fast perfusion mapping techniques in a setting of coronary artery stenosis, and to further assess the relationship of absolute myocardial blood volume (MBV) and blood flow (MBF) to global myocardial oxygen demand. Methods: A group of 27 mongrel dogs were divided into 10 controls and 17 with acute coronary stenosis. On 1.5-T MRI, first-pass perfusion imaging with a bolus injection of a blood-pool contrast agent was performed to determine myocardial perfusion both at rest and during either dipyridamole-induced vasodilation or dobutamine-induced stress. Regional values of MBF and MBV were quantified by using a fast mapping technique. Color microspheres and 99mTc-labeled red blood cells were injected to obtain respective gold standards. Results: Microsphere-measured MBF and 99mTc-measured MBV reference values correlated well with the M Rresults. Given the same changes in MBF, changes in MBV are twofold greater with dobutamine than with dipyridamole. Under dobutamine stress, MBV shows better association with total myocardial oxygen demand than MBF. Coronary stenosis progressively reduced this association in the presence of increased stenosis severity. Conclusions: MR first-pass perfusion can rapidly estimate regional MBF and MBV. Absolute quantification of MBV may add additional information on stenosis severity and myocardial viability compared with standard qualitative clinical evaluations of myocardial perfusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2005-2012
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Radiology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 2010


  • Coronary stenosis
  • Myocardial blood flow
  • Myocardial blood volume


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