Introduction: Massive intestinal loss resulting in short bowel syndrome has been linked to intestinal failure associated liver disease. Efforts to elucidate the driving force behind the observed hepatic injury have identified inflammatory mediators, alterations in the microbiome, extent of structural and functional intestinal adaptation, and toxic shifts in the bile acid pool. In the present study, we posit that ileocecal resection interrupts the delivery of these hepatotoxic substances to the liver by physically disrupting the enterohepatic circulation, thereby shielding the liver from exposure to the aforementioned noxious stimuli. Methods: Mice underwent sham, 50% proximal, or 50% distal small bowel resection (SBR), with or without tauroursodeoxycolic acid supplementation. Enterohepatic signaling and nonsense-mediated ribonucleic acid (RNA) decay were evaluated and correlated with hepatic injury. Results: When compared to 50% proximal SBR, mice that underwent ileocecal resection exhibited reduced hepatic oxidative stress and exhibited a more physiological bile acid profile with increased de novo bile acid synthesis, enhanced colonic bile acid signaling, and reduced hepatic proliferation. Distal intestinal resection promoted an adaptive response including via the nonsense-mediated RNA decay pathway to satisfactorily process injurious messenger RNA and successfully maintain homeostasis. By contrast, this adaptive response was not observed in the proximal SBR group and hepatic injury persisted. Conclusions: In summary, interruption of enterohepatic circulation via ileocecal resection abrogates the liver's exposure to toxic and inflammatory mediators while promoting physiological adaptations in bile acid metabolism and maintaining existing homeostatic pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)433-442
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Research
StatePublished - Jan 2024


  • Bile acids
  • Enterohepatic circulation
  • Hepatic injury
  • Nonsense mediated decay
  • Short bowel syndrome
  • Small bowel resection


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