Role of supplemental regional blocks on postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction after major non-cardiac surgeries: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Narinder P. Singh, Jeetinder Kaur Makkar, Anuradha Borle, Preet Mohinder Singh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/importance Postoperative neurocognitive dysfunction (PNCD) is a frequent and preventable complication after surgery. The large high-quality evidence for the efficacy of supplemental regional analgesia blocks (RAB) for preventing PNCD is still elusive. Objective The objective of this meta-analysis was to evaluate the effect of RAB versus standard anesthesia care on the incidence of PNCD in adult patients undergoing major non-cardiac surgery. Evidence review PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, and the Cochrane Central Registers of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL) were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) from 2017 until June 2022. The primary outcome was the incidence of PNCD within 1 month of surgery. A random-effects model with an inverse variance method was used to pool results, and OR and mean differences were calculated for dichotomous and continuous outcomes. Various exploratory subgroup analyses were performed to explore the possibility of the association between the various patient, technique, and surgery-related factors. Grading of Recommendation, Assessment, Development, and Evaluation guidelines were used to determine the certainty of evidence. Findings Twenty-six RCTs comprizing 4414 patients were included. The RAB group was associated with a significant reduction in the incidence of PNCD with an OR of 0.46 (95% CI 0.35 to 0.59; p<0.00001; I 2 =28%) compared with the control group (moderate certainty). Subgroup analysis exhibited that the prophylactic efficacy of RAB persisted for both delirium and delayed neurocognitive recovery. Conclusions Current evidence suggests that supplemental RAB are beneficial in preventing PNCD in patients after major non-cardiac surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)49-58
Number of pages10
JournalRegional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
Volume49
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 19 2022

Keywords

  • Outcome Assessment, Health Care
  • Pain, Postoperative
  • Treatment Outcome
  • analgesia

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