Role of ProExC: A novel immunoperoxidase marker in the evaluation of dysplastic squamous and glandular lesions in cervical specimens

Souzan Sanati, Phyllis Huettner, Lourdes R. Ylagan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Scopus citations

Abstract

Minichromosome maintenance and topoisomerase II alpha proteins play an important role in the regulation of eukaryotic DNA replication, and are overexpressed in a number of dysplastic and malignant tissues. ProExC antibody is a novel biomarker cocktail containing antibodies against topoisomerase II alpha and minichromosome maintenance 2 proteins. Our purpose was to evaluate the sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value of ProExC in dysplastic squamous and glandular lesions of the cervix. Nine low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 35 high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, 23 squamous metaplasia, and 14 adenocarcinoma in situ specimens were retrieved from our hospital files. ProExC immunostaining was performed. ProExC had sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive value of 89%, 100%, 100%, and 82%, respectively, for distinguishing high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion from squamous metaplasia, and 93%, 100%, 100%, and 98%, respectively, for distinguishing adenocarcinoma in situ from reactive benign endocervix. ProExC is a valuable marker for distinguishing dysplastic squamous and endocervical lesions of the cervix from squamous metaplasia in histologic sections. ProExC may eventually be used in conjunction with morphologic and human papillomavirus evaluation for better classification of indeterminate cervical lesions in Papanicolaou smears.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)79-87
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Pathology
Volume29
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010

Keywords

  • ASC
  • Atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance
  • H
  • Minichromosome maintenance
  • ProExC
  • Topoisomerase II alpha proteins

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