Role of calcium in regulating intracellular pH following the stepwise release of the metabolic blocks at first-meiotic prophase and second-meiotic metaphase in amphibian oocytes

Gene A. Morrill, Adele B. Kostellow, Sudha Mahajan, Raj K. Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

31P-NMR has been used to monitor changes in intracellular pH following the sequential release of the block at first-meiotic prophase by hormones and the block at second-meiotic metaphase by fertilization in Rana eggs and oocytes. The broad phosphoprotein signal was eliminated by a combination of spin-echo and deconvolution techniques. pHi was determined from the pH-dependent separation of intracellular Pi and phosphocreatine resonances. Agents that release the prophase block (progesterone, insulin, D-600, La3+) increased pHi from 7.38 to 7.7-7.8 within 1-3 h. Noninducers such as 17 β-estradiol were without effect. By second-metaphase arrest (ovulated, unfertilized) the pHi had fallen to 7.1-7.2. pHi underwent a transient increase to about 7.7 within the first 30 min at fertilization, with a slow 0.1-0.2 pH unit oscillation during early cleavage. The progesterone-induced elevation of intracellular pH is not blocked by amiloride and occurs in Na+-free medium. A transient rise in pHi occurs when the prophase-arrested oocyte is transferred to Ca2+-free medium or when ionophore A23187 is added to the Ca2+-containing medium. Agents that inhibit the resumption of the first meiotic division either block the rise in pHi (procaine, PMSF) or shorten the time-course of the rise in pHi (ionophore A23187). Conditions that elevate intracellular Ca2+ levels and/or increase Ca2+ exchange produce an increase in pHi, whereas those conditions that decrease intracellular Ca2+ levels and/or exchange produce a fall in pHi within 1 h. The time-course of the increase in pHi both following release of the prophase block and at fertilization coincide with a fall in intracellular cAMP and release of surface and/or intracellular Ca2+. These results suggest that: (1) pHi is a function of cytosolic free Ca2+ levels and/or Ca2+ exchange across the oocyte plasma membrane, and (2) meiotic agonists (progesterone, insulin, D-600) and mitogens (sperm, ionophore A23187) modulate intracellular and/or membrane Ca2+ with the resulting changes in pHi and cAMP and resumption of the meiotic divisions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-117
Number of pages11
JournalBBA - Molecular Cell Research
Volume804
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - May 22 1984
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ca
  • Meiotic prophase
  • Metabolic block
  • P-NMR
  • pH regulation

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Role of calcium in regulating intracellular pH following the stepwise release of the metabolic blocks at first-meiotic prophase and second-meiotic metaphase in amphibian oocytes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this