The regulatory and substrate binding domains of D-3-phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase (PGDH, EC 184.108.40.206) from Escherichia coli are connected by a single polypeptide strand that contains a Gly-Gly sequence approximately midway between the domains. The potential flexibility of this sequence and its strategic location between major domain structures suggests that it may function in the conformational change leading from effector binding to inhibition of the active site. Site-directed mutagenesis of this region (Gly- 336-Gly-337) supports this hypothesis. When bulky side chains were substituted for the glycines at these positions, substantial changes in the ability of serine to inhibit the enzyme were seen with little effect on the activity of the enzyme. The effect of these substitutions could be alleviated by placing a new glycine residue at position 335, immediately flanking the original glycine pair. On the other hand, substituting a glycine at position 338 revealed a critical role for the side chain of Arg-338. This residue may function in stabilizing the conformation about the Gly-Gly turn, resulting in a specific orientation of the adjacent domains relative to each other. Rotation about the φ or ψ bonds of either Gly-336 or Gly-337 would have a profound effect on this orientation. The data are consistent with this as a role for the Gly-Gly sequence between the regulatory and substrate binding domains of PGDH.