BACKGROUND: Endoscopic coronary artery bypass grafting (ECABG) has not been possible with traditional techniques. This report details our animal experience determining the feasibility of using a robotically-assisted microsurgical system to perform ECABG. METHODS: Following preliminary work using a cadaveric pig heart model, acute and chronic animal studies were performed. Calves were placed on cardiopulmonary bypass after the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) was harvested. Subxiphoid endoscopic ports (2 instrument, 1 camera) were placed and a robotic system was used to perform ECABG between the LIMA and left anterior descending coronary artery. LIMA graft flow (LIMAQ) was measured, and excised hearts underwent angiographic and histologic analyses. RESULTS: All anastomoses were successfully completed in both the acute and chronic studies (mean time of 33.9 +/- 1.9 and 33.2 +/- 3.4 minutes, respectively). Angiographic patency was 100% in both the acute (8/8) and chronic (6/6) studies, which was confirmed by histology. In the chronic study, there was no difference in LIMAQ between intraoperative and autopsy measurements. CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that ECABG is feasible in an animal model with excellent results. The FDA has recently given approval for clinical trials of this new technology.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||The heart surgery forum|
|State||Published - 1999|