Since its introduction in 2004 by Gettman and colleagues,1robot-assisted partial nephrectomy (RAPN) has emerged as a viable alternative to both open and standard laparoscopic partial nephrectomy for the surgical management of localized renal malignancy. However, despite promising initial data, there remains at present a relative paucity of data regarding intermediate- and long-term functional and oncologic outcomes.
- Renal reconstruction
- Robot-assisted partial nephrectomy
- Warm ischemic times