Roadmap for Development of a Strong, Diverse Research Workforce in Neurosurgery

Melanie Hayden Gephart, Langston T. Holly, Sepideh Amin-Hanjani, Gregory J. Zipfel, William J. Mack, Michael Tennekoon, Stephen Korn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A benchmark of success for the neurosurgeon-scientist includes obtaining individual research funding from the National Institutes of Health. Successful roadmaps to this goal highlight diversity, individual commitment and resiliency, innovative research goals, intentional mentoring, protected research time, and financial support. We must equip neurosurgery residents to surmount obstacles such as long periods of training, gaps in research productivity, and limited protected time for research to ensure successful transition to independent research careers. Strong individual, departmental, and national commitment to scientific development of a diverse cohort of residents and junior faculty will increase the number and diversity of National Institutes of Health-funded neurosurgeon-scientists.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E53-E58
Issue number3
StatePublished - Sep 1 2023


  • Diversity
  • Neurosurgery
  • Physician-scientist
  • Research training
  • Residency


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