RNase H2-Initiated Ribonucleotide Excision Repair

Justin L. Sparks, Hyongi Chon, Susana M. Cerritelli, Thomas A. Kunkel, Erik Johansson, Robert J. Crouch, Peter M. Burgers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

228 Scopus citations


Ribonucleotides are incorporated into DNA by the replicative DNA polymerases at frequencies of about 2 per kb, which makes them by far the most abundant form of potential DNA damage in the cell. Their removal is essential for restoring a stable intact chromosome. Here, we present a complete biochemical reconstitution of the ribonucleotide excision repair (RER) pathway with enzymes purified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. RER is most efficient when the ribonucleotide is incised by RNase H2, and further excised by the flap endonuclease FEN1 with strand displacement synthesis carried out by DNA polymerase δ, the PCNA clamp, its loader RFC, and completed by DNA ligase I. We observed partial redundancy for several of the enzymes in this pathway. Exo1 substitutes for FEN1 and Pol ε for Pol δ with reasonable efficiency. However, RNase H1 fails to substitute for RNase H2 in the incision step of RER.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)980-986
Number of pages7
JournalMolecular cell
Issue number6
StatePublished - Sep 28 2012


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