RNA ligase-like domain in activating signal cointegrator 1 complex subunit 1 (ASCC1) regulates ASCC complex function during alkylation damage

Jennifer M. Soll, Joshua R. Brickner, Miranda C. Mudge, Nima Mosammaparast

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Multiple DNA damage response (DDR) pathways have evolved to sense the presence of damage and recruit the proper repair factors. We recently reported a signaling pathway induced upon alkylation damage to recruit the AlkB homolog 3, -ketoglutarate– dependent dioxygenase (ALKBH3)–activating signal cointegrator 1 complex subunit 3 (ASCC3) dealkylase–helicase repair complex. As in other DDR pathways, the recruitment of these repair factors is mediated through a ubiquitin-de-pendent mechanism. However, the machinery that coordinates the proper assembly of this repair complex and controls its recruitment is still poorly defined. Here, we demonstrate that the ASCC1 accessory subunit is important for the regulation of ASCC complex function. ASCC1 interacts with the ASCC complex through the ASCC3 helicase subunit. We find that ASCC1 is present at nuclear speckle foci prior to damage, but leaves the foci in response to alkylation. Strikingly, ASCC1 loss significantly increases ASCC3 foci formation during alkylation damage, yet most of these foci lack ASCC2. These results suggest that ASCC1 coordinates the proper recruitment of the ASCC complex during alkylation, a function that appears to depend on a putative RNA-binding motif near the ASCC1 C terminus. Consistent with its role in alkylation damage signaling and repair, ASCC1 knockout through a CRISPR/Cas9 approach results in alkylation damage sensitivity in a manner epistatic with ASCC3. Together, our results identify a critical regulator of the ALKBH3–ASCC alkylation damage signaling pathway and suggest a potential role for RNA-interacting domains in the alkylation damage response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13524-13533
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume293
Issue number35
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 31 2018

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