Risk assessment of cardiovascular diseases among bank employees - A biochemical approach

A. K. Sarkar, S. K. Adak, P. Bhattacharya, P. Marimuthu, R. N. Chaudhuri, K. K. Banerjee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

In different epidemiological studies, an association between sedentary life style and incidence of cadiovascular diseases has been demonstrated. This study was carried out among 50 sedentary bank employees working at different nationalized banks within Calcutta City, India and 50 individuals with non-sedentary jobs matched for age group and sex for the control group. Body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), plasma level of glucose, total cholesterol, low density lipoprotein (LDL), very low density lipoprotein (VLDL) and triglycerides (Tgs) were found to be significantly higher whereas high density lipoprotein (HDL) and reduced glutalhione were found to be significantly lower among the bank employees as compared with the control subjects. Further, significant alteration in the activity of different enzymes (e.g., glutathione reductase, glutathione S-transferase, glucose 6 phosphate dehydrogenase, catalase and superoxide dismutase) involved in glutathione-mediated antioxidant scavenging systems and increases in lipid peroxidation were also observed in the bank employees. From the study, it appears that the relative risk for cardiovascular disease is increased among bank employees due to the sedentary nature of their jobs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)313-318
Number of pages6
JournalOccupational Medicine
Volume49
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1999

Keywords

  • Antioxidant defence
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Lipid profiles
  • Sedentary jobs

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