Reverse-thrust ventilation in hypercapnic patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome: Acute physiological effects

Nicola Rossi, Guido Musch, Fabio Sangalli, Muriel Verweij, Nicolo Patroniti, Roberto Fumagalli, Antonio Pesenti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

Techniques of tracheal gas insufflation (TGI) have been shown to enhance CO2 clearance efficiency in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Clinical studies have explored the effects of such techniques only at moderate intratracheal gas flow rates, with TGI superimposed to mechanical ventilation in a continuous fashion, or synchronized to the expiratory phase of the duty cycle. We examined the effects of intratracheal pulmonary ventilation (ITPV), delivering the entire tidal volume (VT) in the proximity of the tracheal carina, with all the gas flow supplied continuously through a reverse-thrust catheter (RTC). A potential limitation in the application of TGI is dynamic hyperinflation. Therefore, in a subgroup of patients, we also evaluated the effects of ITPV on end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) by respiratory inductive plethysmography (RIP). Eleven patients with ARDS under volume-cycled mechanical ventilation were subsequently switched to ITPV at the same baseline respiratory rate, I:E ratio, and VT. At the same minute volume, Pa(CO2) decreased from 70 ± 12.3 to 59 ± 9.5 mm Hg, with a percent reduction of 15 ± 4% (range from 10 to 20%). The CO2 decrease was greater in patients with higher baseline Pa(CO2) levels (ΔPa(CO2) = 0.29 X Pa(CO2) - 9.48, r = 0.95). During transition from mechanical ventilation to ITPV, tracheal positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP(tr)) decreased with a correspondent decrease in EELV. Both were restored by increasing the PEEP at the ventilator by 3.6 ± 2.0 cm H2O. These data suggest that in patients with ARDS ITPV effectively reduces dead space ventilation and the employment of the RTC may limit or avoid dynamic hyperinflation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)363-368
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory and critical care medicine
Volume162
Issue number2 I
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

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