Retzius Sparing Prostatectomy Effect on Symptomatic Lymphocele Rates

Daniel Wong, Javier Rincon, Grant Henning, Zachary Smith, Eric Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To compare symptomatic lymphocele rates between standard and Retzius sparing prostatectomy approaches. METHODS: From September 18, 2019 to July 15, 2020, robot assisted laparoscopic prostatectomies by 2 surgeons (1 using SP and other Xi) at a single institution were retrospectively reviewed. Symptomatic lymphoceles were diagnosed after the patient represented to the hospital with symptoms attributable to lymphocele and confirmed by abdominal CT scan. Statistical analysis was performed using R Studio (1.2). RESULTS: There were 81 prostatectomies performed during the study period. Of these, 50 were Retzius sparing and 31 were standard approach. The 2 groups were similar in age, BMI, grade group, nerves spared, and T stage. Retzius sparing prostatectomies had higher lymph node yield and were more often performed with Xi multiport. Symptomatic lymphoceles were entirely present in the Retzius sparing group, occurring in 18% of cases at a mean time of 34 days after surgery. Retzius sparing approach was a significant predictor of lymphocele occurrence with an odds ratio of 23.77 (95% CI, 2-3725). CONCLUSION: Retzius sparing prostatectomy was a significant predictor of symptomatic lymphoceles. Most of these cases required IR drainage and IV antibiotics as treatment. This is likely due to impairment of lymph reabsorption as the peritoneal lining remains approximated during Retzius sparing prostatectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129-132
Number of pages4
JournalUrology
Volume149
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

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